Piston Rings Function
What is piston Rings ?
A piston rings is a split ring in a reciprocating engine, such as an internal combustion engine or steam engine, that fits into a groove on the exterior diameter of a piston.
Location :- Located between the cylinder and the piston
Function of Piston Rings
Piston Rings have more four major Functions :-
1.Compression Gas Sealing
Piston Rings provide an effective gas seal without scuffing with sufficient radial wall pressure /maintain Compression gas between the piston and the cylinder wall.
Piston rings seal the cylinder in such a way that the combustion gas produced at the time of ignition does not leak into the piston-cylinder opening.
If the combustion gas leaks, will the engine not be able to produce enough power, increasing fuel consumption? Not good economically as well as socially so.
2. Lubricating Oil Film Control
Piston rings commonly make the minimum lubricating oil film necessary to prevent scuffing.
To function as a scraper and oil control to prevent excessive consumption of oil that could result if lubricant is allowed to leak past into the combustion chamber.
Piston rings transfer heat from the piston crown to the cylinder. Wall.
When gas ignition occurs, the temperature inside the piston is approximately 300 C. If the heat builds up inside the piston, the engine may be damaged. It is therefore necessary to release the heat build-up. Piston rings are helping to release this heat.
4.Support Piston In The Cylinder
Piston rings avoid piston knocking on the wall of the cylinder.
If the piston tilts inside the cylinder it can hit inside parts as well as cause engine failure. Piston rings protect pistons so as to allow smooth movement up and down.